International Year of Light, 2015

The International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies (IYL 2015) is a global initiative adopted by the United Nations to raise awareness of how optical technologies promote sustainable development and provide solutions to worldwide challenges in energy, education, agriculture, communications and health. The goal of IYL 2015 is to highlight to the citizens of the world the importance of light and optical technologies in their lives, for their futures and for the development of society.

2015 is also the anniversary of some important milestones in the history of science. It includes the publication of Ibn Al-Haytham's "Book of Optics" in 1015, the notion of light as a wave proposed by Augustin-Jean Fresnel in 1815, the electromagnetic theory of light propagation proposed by James Clerk Maxwell in 1865, Einstein's theory of the photoelectric effect in 1905 and of the embedding of light in cosmology through general relativity in 1915, the discovery of cosmic microwave background by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, and Charles Kao's achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication in 1965. The IYL 2015 is not only a tribute to the science pioneers, but also highlights the contribution of the development of optics and optoelectronic technology to the sustainable development of human in future. It also encourages and inspires more young people to join the field of optical science and technology.

Normal School Booking Program


Science Demonstration

Service in the Museum: Free of charge, not supplied at the school

Optical Fibres DIY


Service in the Museum: Free of charge

Service at the School: MOP 30.00

Photosensitive Mechanical Beetle

Electronic Circuit Courses

Service in the Museum: Free of charge

Service at the School: MOP 70.00 per student, S3-E05 and S3-E08 not supplied at the school

03-003 Science College (Secondary, Primary)

Service at the School: Free of charge, not supplied in the museum

  1. Revolution of Optical Fibre
  2. The Invention of LED
  3. Story of the Light

Public Activities

Interactive Exhibit: Optical Phone

The concept of "Optical Phone" originates from the photophone proposed by Alexander Bell. After his invention of telephone in 1876, Alexander Bell continued and soon successfully experimented on the photophone, which he regarded it as his greatest inventions. When the visitor takes up the torch of the exhibit, points the light beam at the receiver on the opposite side and talks to the phone, the light beam will change according to the voice. Light signal will be transformed into electric signal through the receiver so that the recipient can hear the voice of the sender on the phone. Therefore, visitors can operate the "Optical Phone" as a "wireless phone", and share the excitement of photophone invention by Alexander Bell more that a hundred years ago.

Workshops of LED's Changing Looks

A. LED Festival

Light-Emitting Diode (LED) is a two-lead semi-conductor light source. Nowadays it is widely used in monitors, lighting, etc. The research on LED started in 1907 when the British scientist, Henry Joseph Round, discovered that silicone carbide will illuminate with a current flow of electricity. However, only until 1962 did LED start to be commercialized when infrared LED was developed. The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to two Japanese scientists and one American scientist for their inventions of high-brightness blue LED which has brought a bright and energy-saving white light source to the world. Participants will learn the basic theories of LED and make a festive lamp stand in the workshop.

Registration: Please submit your online registration one month before the class starts. Payment should be made on the day of class. First come first served.

Theme Time Level Audience Participants Charge of Material
A1. Easter Treasures Mar.28 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Basic Family & friends (2 persons) 10 groups MOP50 per group
A2. Summer Fragrance Jul.25 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Basic P.5 of above 20 persons MOP50
A3. Summer Fragrance Aug.1 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Basic P.5 of above 20 persons MOP50
A4. Mid-Autumn Lanterns Sept.26 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Advanced F.1 or above 20 persons MOP50
A5. Halloween Pumpkin Oct.31 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Advanced F.1 or above 20 persons MOP50
A6. Christmas Caroling Nov.28 (Sat) 14:30 - 17:30 Advanced F.1 or above 20 persons MOP50
Summer Fragrance

Summer Fragrance

Mid-Autumn Lanterns

Mid-Autumn Lanterns

Halloween Pumpkin

Halloween Pumpkin

B. Pinhole Camera

Communications Museum and Maritime Museum jointly organize this special activity to celebrate the International Year of Light and 150th anniversary of the Macau Guia Lighthouse. Participants will learn the principles of optics related to camera and make a pinhole camera in the workshop. They will also be arranged to visit and take photos at the Guia Lighthouse. The photos taken will be exhibited at the Maritime Museum and Communications Museum.

Registration: Please submit your registration and payment at the Reception Counter of Communications Museum before 13 June (Saturday). First come first served.

Group Date Content Target Participants Price of Material
B1 Jun.13 (Sat.) 10:00 - 13:00
CMM: Theory & production
F.4 or above 15 persons MOP120
Jun.27 (Sat.) 08:30 Visit the Guia Lighthouse & photo-taking
14:30 CMM: Film prints
B2 Jun.13 (Sat.) 14:30 - 17:30
CMM: Theory & production
15 persons MOP120
Jun.27 (Sat.) 08:30 visit the Guia Lighthouse & photo-taking
14:30 CMM: Film prints

SciTech Talk - Optogenetics

Optogenetics is a combination of techniques from optics and genetics to precisely control the activities of individual cells in time and space. Time can be precisely measured in millisecond and space can be measured by the size of individual cells. In 2005, when the scientists first applied channelrhodopsin to neurons, they discovered that blue light can accurately control the activation of neurons. Since then the term Optogenetics arises.

The seminar is jointly organized with the Macau Society of Biomedical Engineering to introduce the development and application of cutting-edge echnology to secondary students and teachers. It is hoped to encourage more young people to be more aware of and join the study and research of biomedical engineering.